Sunday, 29 January 2012

A Farm for the future

A Farm for the future - BBC documentary. It deals with the unsustainable farming systems of west today and forecasting the coming oil crisis, the narrates and seeks old people to find out the strategies used in traditional farming and how we shall manage in future. 

Author finds the designed permaculture would be more productive and sustainable. 

So, its worthful to spend 49 minutes to see this. 

Thursday, 26 January 2012

ஏ.......தமிழக "குடி" அரசே!

"இந்திய குடியரசு தினம்" எனும் மூடநம்பிக்கையை பற்றி நான் மேலும் மேலும் பேச விரும்பவில்லை. பாரதவர்ஷத்தில் குடியரசு என்பது ராஜாக்கள் காலத்தில் வழக்கில் இருந்த ஒன்று. அவைகளோடு போய்விட்டது. மீண்டும் ஒரு விக்கரமாதித்தன் மகராசன் வரவேண்டும் நமது குடியரசை மீட்க. 

அதை விடுங்கள். குடியரசு என்று மக்கள் எண்ணும், இந்த நாளில் நாம் நமது தமிழகத்தில் "குடி" அரசை பற்றி பேசினாலாவது மக்கள் மனதில் இது பதியுமா என்று பார்ப்போம். 

தமிழ்நாட்டின் முதுகெலும்பு 

"குடி" அரசின் வளர்ச்சி 

"குடி" அரசின் வருமானம் 

Annual Revenue of TASMAC
Fiscal YearRevenue in Crores % Change
2002 - 03
2003 - 04
Green Arrow Up.svg 28.67%
2004 - 05
Green Arrow Up.svg 33.88%
2005 - 06
Green Arrow Up.svg 24.94%
2006 - 07
Green Arrow Up.svg 19.93%
2007 - 08
Green Arrow Up.svg 20.85%
2008 - 09
Green Arrow Up.svg 20.17%
2009 - 10
Green Arrow Up.svg 17.82%
2010 - 11
Green Arrow Up.svg 19.80%

Since the take over by the government, TASMAC has seen an annual revenue of growth of around 20 percent every year. The turnover in 1983 (the year of incorporation) was 183 Crore Rupees. In 2002-03 before the take over of retail vending, the turnover was 3499.75 Crore Rupees, out of which the government got a tax revenue of 2,828.09 Crore Rupees. After the take over of retail vending, the tax revenue shot up to 3,639 Crore Rupees in the financial year 2003-04. The tax revenue has two components - excise tax and sales tax each constituting roughly 50% of the total. The entire tax revenue is accounted as profit for the state since it is both the wholesale and retail vendor and the difference in the prices goes directly to the state exchequer. In the following four financial years revenue increased to 4872, 6087, 7300 and 8822 Crore Rs respectively. In 2005-06, the 23 year old record for alcohol sales revenue in the state was broken. The 10,000 Crore (100 Billion) Rupees mark was reached in the financial year 2008-09, when the revenue was 10,601.5 Crore Rupees. For the financial years 2009-10 and 2010-11 it stood at 12,491 and 14,965 Crores respectively. Besides the tax revenue, the company also makes money by selling annual licenses to run bars in its retail outlets. The steady growth in revenue is accounted for by the periodical increase in retail prices and by increasing alcohol consumption in the state. Hard liquors like whiskeyrumwinebrandy and vodka account for about 80% of the sales and beer accounts for the remaining 20%.[1][13][14][15][16][17]  (Source :Wiki)

Clubs told to buy foreign liquor from Tasmac

R Satyanarayana, TNN Jan 23, 2012, 03.07AM 
CHENNAI: The Tamil Nadu government has proposed to implement a rule that would ensure that all pubs, clubs, bars and hotels across the state purchase imported liquor only through the state-owned Tasmac ( Tamil Nadu State Marketing Corporation) from February 1, 2012. This initiative would fetch revenue of more than Rs 500 crore every year for the state government.
Industry sources said the grey market for imported liquor in the state is about Rs 700 crore a year. At present, various foreign liquor brands, including Johnnie Walker Black Label, Chivas Regal, Absolut Vodka, Glenfiddich, Remy Martin, Hennessy were purchased through agents. Sources said the proposal, which was decided at a recent meeting of senior officers, has been sent to the government for its official approval. "Orders will be issued soon," said a senior officer. According to the plan, Tasmac will import foreign liquor and supply it to hotels, bars and pubs according to their requirement. However, the government is yet to decide the number of brands that has to be procured from various foreign companies depending on the requirement. 

நாட்டிற்கு பொருளாதாரம் வேண்டுமென்றால், என்னவேண்டுமென்றாலும் செய்யாலாமா? உடலை விற்று பிழைப்போற்கும், இந்த அரசிற்கும் என்ன வித்தியாசம்? 

ஒரு பக்கம் கூசாமல் டாஸ்மாக்கிற்கு விளம்பரம், மறுபக்கம் குடிசை ஒழிப்போம் என்ற முழக்கம். கள்ளுக்கு தடை.  குடியால் பாதிக்கப்பட்டோருக்கு சிகிச்சை. அந்த சிகிச்சை மூலம் வருமானம். 

இப்படி தறிகெட்டு ஓடும் அரசுக்கு எண்ணை ஊற்றுவது போல் நாளுக்கு நாள் அதிகமாகும் மக்களின் குடிபழக்கம். குறிப்பாக இளைஞர்களின் குடிபழக்கம். கேடு கேட்ட விஷயம். என்ன படிக்கிறார்கள இவர்கள்? ஒழுக்கமற்ற கல்வி. அதனால் உருவாகியுள்ள கேடுகெட்ட ஆசிரியர்கள். நிறைய ஊர்களில் ஆசிரியர்களே மாணவர்களுக்கு வழிகாட்டி. 

படித்து அறிவு கேட்டவர்கள் தமிழர்கள். இந்த படிப்புகளை படிக்கும் முன்பு கூட மறைவிடங்களில் குடிக்கும் பழக்கம் இருந்தது. அந்த வெட்கத்தை இழக்கவைத்துள்ளது இன்றைய கல்வி மற்றும் சினிமா. குடிப்பதையும், புகைப்பதையும் காட்டி விட்டு அதற்க்கு கீழ் குடி குடியை கெடுக்கும் என்று போடா வேண்டும் என்று அறிவிருத்தும் கேடுகெட்ட சென்சார் போர்டு. 

மானங்கெட்டவர்களே இதுதான் குடியரசா? நீங்கள் படித்த செங்கோல் அரசு  எங்கே? தேர்காலில் மகனை கொன்ற நீதி எங்கே? மதுரையை எரித்த மாட்சிமை எங்கே? 

இதுபோன்ற அவலம் வேறுங்கும் உண்டா? புன்னகை விற்று பூக்களை வாங்கும் பேதை போல் ஆகிவிட்ட "குடி"மகன்களே, நீங்கள் என்று "குடிமகன்கள்" ஆவீர்கள்? 

Thursday, 12 January 2012

TNAU Celebrates Centenary year for Paddy Breeding Station

In the colonial India, when the infamous Bengal famine resulted in the heavy loss of human life, the rulers decided to initiate research on Agriculture and the first agricultural research Institute was started in PUSA, presently at Bihar. The Institute had initiated research primarily on wheat and rice.

Considering the significance of rice as the staple food of the majority of the population, the government implemented research programme exclusively to work on rice by appointing a British Government Economic Botanist, Mr. R. Parnell in 1912 at Paddy Breeding Station at Coimbatore. This officially launched the government sponsored exclusive rice research in India. This centre was later amalgamated with Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore.

Paddy breeding station is completing 100 years after inception in 1912 which in true sense means 100 years of rice research in India. To commemorate the centenary year in a fitting manner, TNAU is organizing  an International symposium on  “100 years of Rice Science and Looking Beyond” during January 9-12, 2012 at Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India. 

TNAU to celebrate 100 years of paddy breeding in January

COIMBATORE: The Tamil Nadu Agriculture University (TNAU) has proposed to celebrate the 100 years of paddy breeding from January 9-12.
Vice chancellor P Murugesa Boopathi said when Bengal famine resulted in a heavy loss of human life, British rulers decided to initiate research in agriculture. Government economic botanist R Parnell was posted at Coimbatore in 1912 to carry out research on rice and thus Paddy Breeding Station came into existence as the first rice research centre of the country.
K Thiyagarajan, director, centre for plant breeding and genetics, TNAU said that the paddy breeding station is world renowned due to its valuable records on rice heritage and germplasm characterization that was maintained by Parnell, Iliffe, and the first Indian rice specialist, Padmashri K Ramiah and others.
The first official rice variety GEB 24 released in 1921 has served as the starting breeding material for all the IRRI (International Rice Research Institute, Philippines) varieties in the name of "Kitchili samba". It is noteworthy to mention that GEB 24 is one of the first fine grain rice varieties in the country.
Director also added that some landmark varieties of rice were developed through genetic purification from this station which triggered the growth of rice production in the state. Subsequently, crossing was followed among the landraces and then with semi-dwarf donors from IRRI which paved the way for the phenomenal increase in rice production in Tamil Nadu, which stood at 15.29 lakh tonnes with a productivity of 805 kg per hectare during 1920, increased steadily to the current level of 71 lakh tonnes with the productivity of 3.7 tonnes per hectare, despite the marked decrease in the total rice area. Currently, rice scientists are gearing up to meet the future challenges of doubling the rice production in Tamil Nadu.
Dr S Robin, Professor and Head, Dept. of Rice, TNAU indicated that as part of the Centenary celebrations, an International Symposium on "100 years of Rice Research and looking Beyond" will be held from January 9-12. Around 500 scientists from India and abroad will participate in the symposium. Scientists from IRRI, Philippines, Australia, Netherlands, and China have consented to participate in the symposium. A rice expo will also be held during the symposium.
Courtesy: TNAU website and Times of India 

Note: Meanwhile farmers have celebrated the centenary year 1911-2011 for SRI method of paddy cultivation in Tamil nadu on Dece 23rd 2011 at Thiruvarur organized by NABARD . ஒற்றைநெல் சாகுபடியின் 100'றாண்டு விழாவை கொண்டாடிய விவசாயிகள் (Farmers Celebrate Centenary year for SRI paddy ) 

Farmers Celebrate Centenary year for SRI paddy (ஒற்றைநெல் சாகுபடியின் 100'றாண்டு விழாவை கொண்டாடிய விவசாயிகள் )

ஒற்றைநெல் சாகுபடியின் 100'றாண்டு விழாவை கொண்டாடிய விவசாயிகள் (Farmers Celebrate Centenary year for SRI paddy )

          "....There is evidence that shows a technique similar to SRI was developed and followed in Tamilnadu.  An article, “Single Planting in Rice” was published in a Tamil magazine named Practical Life in the year 1911 (see illustration below).  It clearly shows that this technique was developed in our country....."

Copy of Practical Life monthly magazine, Febraury 1911: 

Following Notice republished the article from Practical life in Thiruvarur centenery celebrations on Consumer protection on December 22, 2011 organized by CREATE and NABARD. 

Note : Meanwhile the Tamil Nadu Agricultural University doesn't showed any response towards this centenary year (but the NABARD recognized it). TNAU is in full fledged to celebrate Centenary year (1912-2012) for PADDY BREEDING STATION..
TNAU Celebrates Centenary year for Paddy Breeding Station

Sunday, 1 January 2012

ஆனில்மேய ஐந்தும்நீ இராமா! - பஞ்சகவ்யம்

திருச்சந்த விருத்தத்தில் திருமழிசை ஆழ்வார்,   
ஊனில்மேய ஆவிநீ; உறக்கமோடு உணர்ச்சிநீ
ஆனில்மேய ஐந்தும்நீ: அவற்றுள்நின்ற தூய்மைநீ
வானினோடு மண்ணும்நீ; வளங்கடற் பயனும் நீ
யானும்நீ, அதன்றிஎம் பிரானும்நீ; இராமனே!

(ஊனில் = உடம்பில், ஆனில் மேய ஐந்தும் (பஞ்சகவ்யம்) = பசுதரும் பயன்கள்-பால், தயிர், நெய், கோமியம், சாணம், கடற்பயன் = அமுதம், பவழம் போன்றன)
என்று பாடி ‘உன்னை என்னிலிருந்து பிரித்து விடாதே’ என வேண்டுகிறார்.

திருமழிசைஆழ்வார் திருச்சந்த விருத்தத்தில் ஒரு பாடலில் " இராமா நீயே எனது ஊணில் உயிராய் விளங்குகிறாய். எனது உணர்வு முழுவதும் நீயே. நான் உறங்கும் போது உணர்வற்றுத்தான் இருக்கிறேன். ஆனால் உறக்கம் நீங்கி எழுந்ததும் என் நினவுகளெல்லாம் அற்றுவிடாமல் தொடர்ந்து வரும் உணர்வும் நீதான். தூய்மை என்றால் அதன் உருவமே பசுவின் ஐந்தினைக் (பஞ்சகவ்யம் எனக்) குறிப்பர். அந்த ஆவின் ஐந்தும் நீயே. அதாவது உன்னை தூய்மையின் இருக்கையாகப் பார்க்கிறேன். இம்மண்ணுலகும் வானுலகும் நீயே. வளமான கடலும் நீயே. அக்கடல் அளிக்கும் மேகமும் மேகம் பொழியும் மழையும், மழையால் பெருகும் ஆறும் ஆற்றால் வரும் வளமும் வளத்தால் வரும் செல்வமும் உயிர்களும் நீயே. அவை அனைத்தும் நீயேதான். ஏன் நானாக இயங்குவதும் நீதான். அது மட்டுமல்ல பெருமானே என்னுடைய பெருமானும் நீதான் இராமனே" என்கிறார். 

Rationality Vs Spirituality Part 1 - Kallanai Anjaneyar

The World that was – Miracle do happen
Anjaneyar of the Grand Anicut
From the pages of THE HINDU
October 11 to 19, 1942
         Close  by the side of the 19th shutter of the Grand Anicut in Tanjore district stands a shrine hidden under the parapet inside which is a small stone figure of Lord Anjaneya.

       A little bit of history will explain how the intriguing and little known temple came into existence, The Chola kings were faced with the problem of regulating the flood waters between the coleroon and he Cauvery. Much of the Cauvery waters was carried off into the coleroon which runs in a lower bed. The Cholas surmounted this difficulty by building of the Grand Anicut across the outlet in the Coleroon. The construction hen consisted of a solid mass o rough stone in clay 1,080 feet in length, 40 to 60 feet breadth and 15 to 18 feet in depth, stretching across the outlet in a serpentine form.
         The Grand Anicut as it stands now was raised by the British Engineers in the Year 1806. After a phenomenal  effort lasting many years, the foundation was at last laid, the spans of the bridge raised and the road made, certain strange incidents occurred much to the dismay of the engineers and the massive work force engaged in the construction.
          One morning, a sub-ordinate official of the department who came on his usual round of inspection, found the 19th span of the anicut had collapsed overnight. The accident was attributed to the poor quality of materials used in the construction. The structure was rebuilt in month, this time much greater care and closer supervision than before. Soon after completion, however, tragedy struck yet again and the same archway came down again in a mass of stone and rubble.
Stupefied by those events, the engineers and the construction workers were naturally at a loss to explain the catastrophy. Following the second collapse, the subordinate official in charge of inspection revealed the details of a dream he had the night following the first collapse where Lord Hanuman appeared to him and said, “I am lying under the bed of the river. Unless you unearth me and build a shrine for me at the very spot, the demolition will go on and nothing on earth can prevent it.”
                The British engineer-in-charge, however, scoffed at the story and sent his sub-ordinate away. That same night, almost miraculously, the burra sahib, had a veritable succession of nightmares. His sleep was disturbed by dreams in which monkeys menacingly rushed at him, clawing him and letting out deafening shrill cries. Troubled by the terrible nightmares which lasted through the night, the engineer called a group of friends the next morning and narrated the story to them. Those Englishmen too scoffed at the dream and suggested that their friend had perhaps begun to believe subconsciously and irrationally in his subordinate’s story. This probably gave the engineer the assurance he needed, but the peace was not last very long.
             “That very night, Lord Hanuman appeared to the engineer in his dream and said, “you have constructed this dam without building a shrine for I am the guardian deity of this dam. S, I razed it to dust Again yo built the dam, and again it runs directly over the spot where I rest. It will not stand. Make a bend at this spot and enshrine me where you find me and you shall succeed.”
                The following morning, the engineer ordered the rubble cleared and the river bed dug up at the same spot. There under the 19th span was the idol of Lord Anjaneya. The engineer promptly ordered a temple built and the kumbabhisekam performed on a grand scale. The anicut was also remodeled according to the directions given to the engineer in his dream.
                “The shrine can be visited even to this day by descending two flights of stairs leading from the bridge and the Departments of Engineering and Roadways still meet the monthly expenses of the Pooja. The Chronicle seems yet another piece of Indian folklore, but roof of it veracity may be obtained by reference to old records of the Engineering Department of Tanjore district. This incident also finds mention in some of the later editions of the Tanjore District Gazetteer.

Courtesy, THE HINDU
Courtesy, Mr.Ranganathan, Chairmen, CCDDS, Tanjore and Dr.Chidambaram, CCDDS, Tanjore.

More info from [Ed : Vayusutha, December 2011] Sri Hanumath Jayanti Special:

............................Structures built by British

Today the original ‘Kallanai’ immortalised by Karikala Chola is visible only during summer when the river is dry. British had built sluices [நீரொழுங்கி] and bridges [மதகு] over them and today we could see Kallanai along with these structures only. There is a wonderful structure that these British were asked to build on Kallanai, which you may miss if you are not aware. The structure is a temple for Sri Anjaneya Swami. The temple is on the Kollidam River regulator side.

Regulators across Kollidam
Right on the dike built by Karikallan across Kollidam River, the British wanted to build water regulating gates and bridge. Captain J.L.Calddell was in-charge of the project during that time. The work progressed well but when they took up construction of 19th vent they could not complete the same. They had tried several times to finish but could not. It was a mystery to the officer in charge of the site who had to spend sleepless nights.
The engineer in charge Captain J.L.Calddell one night had a strange dream in which Sri Anjaneya appeared and persuaded him to build a temple for Him at that spot. The British was not prepared to believe this and continued trying rebuilding the 19th vent but in vain. He did not share his dream with anybody, but in a few days a group of monkeys flocked him reminding about Sri Anjaneya. Captain was not moved and remained stubborn. But the next day a mestiri [mason in-charge] reported to the Captain stating that he had a dream in which Sri Anjaneya telling him that a temple should be build at the spot for Him. Captain was taken aback to hear the description given by the mestiri and changed his mind. He then allowed construction of the temple for Sri Anjaneya at the very same spot as directed by Him in the dream.

There is a stone, in one corner of the temple as a record of this fact to with a note “Repaired this colling LHA & Erected the 26s upright stones by Cap. J.L.Calddel AD 1804”. Below this there is a note in Tamil stating that the stone is erected as per the orders of the Government. On the other side of the stone Sri Hanuman’s figure had been engraved [as we see in temple pillars].

 It is more than two hundred years that Lord Sri Hanuman is protecting this two thousand years old bridge. It is widely believed that He is the Protector of the two thousand year old Kallanai and the Master who irrigates the Thanjavur delta. Every year before the water is released for cultivation of paddy to the delta, poojas are conducted in this temple. Every season before the water is released for cultivation of first ‘bogam’, the paddy seeds are first offered to the Lord then to the river and then the water for irrigation is released from all sluices. Farmers, Engineers and Ministers used to participate in this pooja ceremony.

Poojas are conducted in all the other three temples around, namely Sri Vinayaka, Sri Kaliamman and Sri Karuppannachami at that time.

Come and see the Lord who is protecting the two thousand year old Kallanai for the last two hundred years standing in a unique spot. A Marvel! He is protector of one and all, surrender yourself and see what all He bestows on you.

[Ed : December 2011] Sri Hanumath Jayanti Special