Wednesday, 28 November 2012

Economics of Bahuka and Greenspan


Rejecting the advice of Milton Friedman decades ago, the US opted to follow the economics of Greenspan, making half of American families state-dependent and dysfunctional.

Any discussion on contemporary US economy will remain incomplete without reference to Alan Greenspan, who headed the US Fed for 19 years till 2006, and was revered as the ‘Money God'. In 2007, he wrote a book, The Age of Turbulence, in which he theorised that people in developing economies needed to save, but, not those in advanced economies, because they enjoy state-provided social security.

He wrote: “Despite their lower incomes, households and businesses in developing countries save a greater share of their income than do households and businesses in developed countries. Developed countries have vast financial networks that lend to consumers and businesses, most often backed collateral, enabling a significant fraction to spend beyond their current incomes. Far fewer such financial networks exist in developing nations to entice people to spend beyond their current incomes. Moreover, most developing nations are still so close to bare subsistence that households need to secure against future contingencies. They seek buffer against feared destitution, and since few of these countries have government safety nets adequate to protect against adversity, the only way for the households to do so is to set money aside. People are forced to save for a rainy day and retirement.”

It was Greenspan's theory that directed the very course of the US economy, and of the globe, for two decades, till the 2008 crisis questioned it. See how the social security programmes celebrated by Greenspan as sparing the Americans from the need to save, and enticing them to spend instead, did the US economy in.

The ever-expanding US social security schemes, theoretically framed to protect families, practically ended up breaking them, besides bankrupting public finances of US. Even as far back as 1970, the perverted effect of social security and welfare schemes on families didn't escape watchful eyes. The National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) in the US brought out a book titled “The US Economy in transition”, in 1980.

It contained prophetic views of experts, including Milton Friedman, on US social security. Martin S. Feldstein, Professor of Economics at Harvard University, and President of NBER, wrote, in his introduction to the NBER work, that ‘welfare programmes introduced and expanded to help poor families might weaken the family structures'; that ‘in more subtle ways, government programmes that substitute the state for the family, cause behaviour that weakens the development of future population; fewer births, more unmarried individuals, more unmarried couples and more divorced parents; that medicare and medicaid introduced to help the elderly and poor might lead to an explosion in health care costs.'

Milton Friedman declared that ‘as children stopped contributing voluntarily to the support of their parents and began contributing through a system of government fiat, a serious erosion of family values became inevitable' and saw ‘social security system as a detrimental influence on social patterns'. The NBER work also pointed out how ‘family functions such as production of food, clothing and fuel and some other staple items were taken over by business firms, and responsibilities such as education, childcare, and social insurance have been assumed by the state.' What the NBER meant here is that business firms and the state had, together, robbed the families of their functions, leaving them functionless, therefore, dysfunctional.

Conceding that ‘the market system is the most efficient, and most conducive to individual freedom yet devised', NBER pointed out that the market itself ‘doesn't provide for the organisation of the society' but its ‘success during the last 200 years is attributable in good part to the existence of strong non-market institutions such as the family; also adding that the ‘decline of the family and the growth of the government will jeopardise the market system and associated social, political and cultural freedoms.'

It concluded: ‘In the long run, a healthy economy requires a healthy society.'

Each one of these warnings came true sooner than later. Here is a look at US families before the expansion of social security in 1960s and after. US homes had an average of 4.5 persons in 1930; this came down to 3.5 per home in 1950, and now to 2.6. This alone cost 88 million additional houses, valued at $16 trillion at current prices!

In 1940, the marriage rate was 24.2 per 1000; it declined to 21.2 in 1970; 19.6 in 1990; 14.4 in 2009. The divorce rate per 1000 rose from 9.2 in 1970 to 16.9 in 2008, though less than the peak of 22.6 in 1980. Between 1970 and 2008, the US marriage rate declined from 63.4 to 37.4 marriages per 1,000 unmarried women. As compared to 1960, in 2008, households with children less than 18 declined from 49 per cent to 31 per cent; children living with single parents rose from 9 per cent to 26 per cent; unwed motherhood rose from 5 per cent in 1960 to 40 per cent.

Whatever NBER had prophesied 30 years ago — less marriages, more divorces, more unmarried women, more unwed mothers, more single parent homes — has come true. While social security programmes caused the decline of families first, later, such decline in turn led to more and more social welfare spend to support the weakening families, thus feeding each other.

US families reel under debt. The home loans of households top $10 trillion. More than a third of these loans weren't incurred to buy houses. According to studies by Greenspan himself, households borrowed $3.2 trillion against the security of appreciation in their home values (called ‘home equity cashed out') during 2002 to 2007, and splurged it on consumption! Further, the 111 million US households use 1.2 billion credit cards, on which they owe $2.5 trillion. So, not just families, their finances too are broke, thanks to the financial networks of the US praised by Greenspan, having ‘enticed' and made the US families profligate.

The state-provided social security that has replaced the families and made them state-dependent is stressed and potentially bankrupt. Richard W. Fisher, President and CEO of the Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, has estimated the present value of future social security obligations at close to $100 trillion unrepresented by assets — meaning that the government will have no money to pay them when they fall due in future.

Tailpiece: Here is the Indian equivalent of Greenspan's economics — the economics of Bahuka. Bahuka figures in the Bhagawata Purana, and was the advisor of Jarasandha, who was Kamsa's father-in-law. Kamsa, who regarded Sri Krishna as his enemy, asked Bahuka's advice on how to make his subjects state-dependent. Bahuka told him: “Open your treasury to the people. Make the people eat, drink and enjoy themselves. Bring up children to look upon parents as old and useless. That will make them laugh at those who talk of duty, love and compassion. Like well-fed cattle at the mercy of the cowherd, the people will be completely dependent on you.”

Rejecting the sage advice of the likes of Milton Friedman and Martin Feldstein, decades ago, the US opted to follow the economics of the likes of Greenspan. The result: Half of American families are state-dependent. But fortunately, Bahuka's economics, close to Greenspan's, was ignored by Indians thousands of years ago, though, of late, some Indian politicians seem influenced by Bahuka's economics.

Source :

Tuesday, 27 November 2012

Historical development of the flood regulation systems and its impact in the delta districts

The river and the flood is the common and it is a special eco-system. It even varies with the rivers depending upon its flow. The Mekong river in Cambodia forms a special eco-system. Mekong forms a biggest lake in the delta and the people cultivate rice depending upon the rise of the water levels in the lake. If the river fails the whole densely populated Mekong delta in Cambodia will fail. Likewise the Zambezi river in South central Africa forms a dry and wet type ecosystem. The river is a seasonal river flows heavily in rainy season and forms marshy eco-system. And in summer the river delta will become bone dry with patches of ponds and will look like a desert. So, the deltas were a sensitive eco-system connected with another richest and special eco-system called Mangroves in India. Delta eco-system will as fertile as the Mangroves. The classical example of mangroves in India lies over Sunderbans of West Bengal. So all these fertility comes out of the fine materials washed from the weathering mountains and the highlands in the catchment i.e. the Silt.
Silt – The Secret of the deltas
            The Silt is the nutrition for the delta bloom. Silt nourishes the riverine eco-systems and supports the higher food chain animals like Crocodiles. For example in the river Amaravathi, a tributary of Cauvery, the inland Crocodiles were still existing. The silt is the base for the inland fresh water eco-systems of rivers, ponds, lakes and even wells. The reddish or the greyish alluviums carried over from the highlands and mountains make these fresh water eco-systems very fertile. Such silt depositions in the delta is the prime source for the nutrition in the cultivable wetlands. If it is properly managed it will yield for endless generations. India is country that has been blessed with such delta throughout its east coast from Bengal to Kumari.
Silt in the case of Thanjavur delta
Thanjavur is a town and head quarters of the district located 100 kilometres away from the sea. It is located in the Cauvery river bed, where from she divides herself in to many streams before draining in to the sea. She makes Thanjavur district along with the new today’s Thiruvarur and Nagapattinam districts as a fertile triangle. The beauty of the geography of the delta is that it travels with very gentle slope of 3 feet for every 20 km. This facilitates the river Cauvery to deposits the silt more in inland rather in to sea. The nature of the district helps the silt harvesting unlike the other rivers of India including Ganges. The Silt deposition very much high in the dividing point called Kallanai (Grand Anicut), built before 1600 years. Below the anicut (dam) for few kilometers the Colonial rulers described it as the Breast of the Delta. 

The silt deposition was aided by heavy floods from July to November in both the monsoons. The flooding is the nature of that eco-system. The people and the cultivars of the eco-system have evolves along with the flood nourished by the wonderful silt. The historical fiction novel Ponniyin Selvan narrates the borders of the mighty river Cauvery in the grandeur manner. In this fertile soil one of the greatest dynasties of India have flourished and formed a greater civilization. Their mightiness and the healthiness still existing in the form of hundreds of temples. British called this land as the Fertile Crescent in their empire, giving three harvests of rice a year.  The same is the reason that the British have invested a lot in expanding the river for increasing their revenue. Such flourishment cannot be seen in any South Indian rivers except Cauvery. For everything, the name goes to the Silt of the mighty river.
Flood regulatory systems in Cauvery
            British, the colonial traders entered India with their empire on the soils of Thanjavur in the Madras presidency. As described earlier seeing the fertility of the land the hardworking people they have got an idea and have not minded in investing huge money in building the dams and Canals to expand the irrigation to increase the state’s revenue. British have seen the flood damage as the huge loss and they have started working in the delta to regulate the flood. They didn’t realize the problems until they have built few dam in the river coarse.
Cauvery -Vennar regulators and Upper Anicuts  
            The main river Cauvery divides herself before the city of Trichy in to Kollidam or Coleroon river in to the north and the river Cauvery in the south, flowing to the east remerges at the point called Kallanai (an ancient dam built of clay and stone) forming the island of Srirangam. The South stream of Cauvery again divide in to Vennar and Cauvery and travels to further east forming the fertile crescent of Thanjavur. The excess water in the Cauvery river was drained in the Kollidam through Ullar channel in the Kallanai. Unfortunately, the silting up of the river bed in the Vennar and Cauvery have diverted the maximum amount of water in to Ullar channel and to Kollidam. The Kallanai didn’t serve the purpose completely.
            Primarily in 1835, a dam called Upper Anicut was constructed with the Iron weirs in the Kollidam river before Tirchy. It lead to the huge erosion of the river bed and resulting in the deepening of the river Cauvery and causing severe floods in the delta. Subsequently, to manage this connecting the Southern bank another Upper anicut was extended in to Cauvery and the river was brought under the total control. Even after that the colonial administration were not able to control the flood through both the weirs and have constructed a siphoning channel called 150 yards calingula, below the Upper anicut before the Srirangam town, to regulate the floods in Cauvery.

            In 1851, the investment was made to construct a regulator in the Vennar-Cauvery bifurcation of Kallanai, with the Iron shutters avoiding the silt deposition. The flood regulators were constructed in the next 50 years through out the main streams of Cauvery in the delta and were managed by the Public Works Department.
Flood embankments in Coleroon
The flood control was very difficult for them even after the flood regulators and they have built a 200 miles embankment in the river Kollidam (Coleroon) to hold the excess amount of water safely in to sea, without flooding the northeastern part of the districts. The revenue of the state was depleted by the flood reliefs, which again made the state to go for further construction of the dams in the upstream of Cauvery.
Mettur and other reservoirs in Tamil Nadu
            To control these flood the British administration have decided to built the dams in the Cauvery’s catchment frontiers and have planned for Mettur, Bhavanisagar and Amaravathi  dams in Cauvery and it s tributaries. In 1934, Sir Stanley have opened the Mettur reservoir and named it as the Stanley reservoir. The other dam project in Tamil nadu was carried out during the post-independence period.
Mysore – Madras River conflict
In the midst of the Madras presidency’s dam projects, the Mysore state under Mr.Krishnaraja Wodeiyar, the Raja of Mysore state went for a dam project of holding 80 TMC in the upstream of Cauvery in 1892. The Madras presidency told about their Mettur project and went for to the Court and the Court ordered Mysore that it should get permissions from the Madras before any construction of the dams and ordered to construct 11 TMC dam project instead of 80 TMC. But the Mysore states violated the order and have planned for the latter. This is the starting point of the Cauvery tribunal, which is still continuing after a century.
Impact of Series of Anicuts on delta
            The series construction of dams from Trichy to the upstream of Cauvery in 19th  century leads to diminishing water to delta and the delta farmers have to follow the turn system. The culture of transplanting the paddy by seeing the freshes (i.e. the silty water after the onset of South-west monsoon) of the Cauvery river have changed and the silt deposition has reduced. The farmers have to wait for the dams to be opened. According to the people of Thanjavur in the 19th Century and the district collector’s versus the delta have started deteriorating after the construction of various dam in the Cauvery. If it is properly studied the nightmare will be revealed.
Granary slowly shifted to Mandiya
            The construction of the upstream dams in Mysore state has lead to the cultivation paddy in Mandiya district of Mysore in extensive manner. The following map shows the Mandiya districts production of paddy equaling the delta districts. 

Reservoirs of silt in 2011
            The silt deprived Cauvery went to Thanjavur with insufficient silt and have depositied them on river beds instead of the banks. The most of the silts were harvested in the dam of the upstream.

Stanley Siltvoir and rised unsilted river beds in the delta
            In the mid-term Tamil nadu budget for 2011, Rs.475 Crores have been allotted for desilting the river beds of Thanjavur delta to facilitate the river flow. The Cauvery Delta farmers Association President Mr.Ranganathan said in his budget review that some dozens of Rupees have to be allotted for desilting the Stanley reservoir which contains 20 feet of silt in it 120 feet capacity.
River weeds encroaching the rivers
            The raised rivers beds have paved way for encroachment of the river weeds using its dry spells, which again promotes the silt deposition in the rivers and further rising the river beds. The weeds like Sedges, Ipomoea, Kusha grass have encroached the upto the middle of the streams and have paved the way for the floods in winter.

Ground water Irrigated Paddy cultivation in the Delta
            It may sound strange if it is told before 30 years. How come the delta region will use ground water for a season of rice cultivation? But we have achieved this with our effortless development works in a century. Kuruvai farmers cultivate the paddy with ground water these days. Without that there won’t be any Kuruvai crop in delta.

Research opening
            The PWD spends huge amount every year for desilting the rivers and channels and occasionally the dams. The desilted materials were wasted on strengthening the bunds instead of using it in the field for cropping. The agricultural department provides the fertilizers in subsidies to the same farmers who leave the desilted materials on the bunds. With the free electricity the Kuruvai crop is made possible by pumping ground water. The charging minimum amounts for electricity may turn the governments aside. These were the worst observe, which was the result of the above historical developments of the bad governmental policies. The beauty and the fertility of the delta have lost.
            The PWD can sell the extra desilted materials for a minimal cost to the farmers after strengthening the bunds. The proper desilting in the time will avoid the ground water pumping for atleast few weeks and save electricity. The desilting in time will also avoid or reduce the flood relief funds and the crop losses. The proper study and the policy recommendation are needed along with the proper functioning of PWD. The impacts of the dams cannot be reversed, for which the time have to answer. However, the ecological and the economical impacts of such constructions have to be studied in detail, especially in the important rivers like Cauvery and it shall be used for future projects of such kind.

காணாமல் போன கண்மாய்கள்

புதியதலைமுறை இதழ் கவர் ஸ்டோரி 

Saturday, 20 October 2012

சாயம் வெளுத்த "நோபல் பரிசு"

லண்டன் பொருளாதாரம் 1970 களில் வீழ்ந்த சமயத்தில் அதை மீட்கவழி வகுத்ததாக கூறி, 1974 களின் நோபல் பரிசு பிரிட்ரிக்  பான்  ஹைக் க்கும், குன்னர் மிர்டாளுக்கும் பங்கிட்டு கொடுக்கப்பட்டது.  மிர்டால் நவீன பொருளாதாரத்தை எதிர்த்தார். எதிர்ப்பாளர்களின்  வாயை அடைக்க அங்கீகரிப்பு என்ற பெயரில் கொடுக்கப்படும் லஞ்சம் என கருதி மிர்டால் அதனை வாங்கமறுத்தார். 

இன்றும் அதே போல் அமைதிக்கான நோபல் பரிசை அமைதி இழக்கும் நிலையில் உள்ள ஐரோப்பிய நாடுகளில் அமைதியை நிலை நாட்டினர் என்று கூறி ஐரோப்பிய யூனியன் தலைவர்களுக்கு வழங்குவது பெரும் சர்ச்சையை ஏற்படுத்தியுள்ளது. 

இது போன்ற பல துறைகளில் வியாபார ரீதியான ஆராய்ச்சிகளுக்கு நோபல் பாரிஸ் கொடுத்து அவர்களை நவீன பொருளாதாரத்தை தக்கவைக்க மேலும்  ஆராய்ச்சிகளை ஊக்குவிக்க கொடுக்கும் இந்த பரிசின் சாயம் இப்போது   வெளுத்துள்ளது. வெந்த புண்ணில் வேலை குத்துவது போலாகும். 

அமைதிக்கான நோபல் பரிசை பெறுவதில் சர்ச்சை

பிரசல்ஸ்: "அமைதிக்கான நோபல் பரிசை, ஐரோப்பிய யூனியனில் உள்ள நாடுகளின் தலைவர்கள், ஒன்று சேர்ந்து பெற்று கொள்ள வேண்டும்' என, வற்புறுத்தப்பட்டுள்ளது. அமைதிக்கான நோபல் பரிசு, இந்த ஆண்டு, ஐரோப்பிய கூட்டமைப்புக்கு, அறிவிக்கப்பட்டுள்ளது.இரண்டாம் உலகப் போரின் போது, சண்டை போட்ட நாடுகள், தற்போது ஒன்றிணைந்து அமைதியாக இருப்பதை பாராட்டி, 27 நாடுகள் கொண்ட ஐரோப்பிய யூனியனுக்கு, இந்த அமைதி விருது அறிவிக்கப்பட்டுள்ளது.

ஐரோப்பாவில் 44 நாடுகள் உள்ளன. ஐரோப்பிய யூனியனில் இல்லாத நாடுகள், இந்த விருதுக்கு கண்டனம் தெரிவித்துள்ளன.ஐரோப்பாவில் உள்ள பெரும்பாலான நாடுகள் இன்று பொருளாதார நெருக்கடியில் சிக்கி தவிக்கின்றன. நோபல் பரிசைல நேரில் யார் சென்று பெறுவது, பரிசு பணத்தை பிரித்து கொள்வது உள்ளிட்டவற்றில் சிக்கல் நிலவுகிறது.

"ஐரோப்பிய யூனியனின் தலைவர், வான் ராம்பி, நேரில் சென்று இந்த பரிசை பெற்றுக் கொள்வார்' என, பிரான்ஸ் மற்றும் ஜெர்மன் அதிபர்கள் தெரிவித்திருந்தனர்."நம்மை மதித்து அளித்துள்ள இந்த பரிசை, ஐரோப்பிய யூனியன் தலைவர்கள் அனைவரும், ஒன்று சேர்ந்து பெற வேண்டும்' என, ராம்பி வற்புறுத்தியுள்ளார்.நோபல் பரிசை, ராம்பி பெற்றுக் கொண்டால், யார் ஏற்புரை நிகழ்த்துவது என்பதில், தற்போது சர்ச்சை நிலவுகிறது. நோபல் பரிசை உருவாக்கிய, ஆல்ப்ரெட் நோபலின், நினைவு தினமான, டிசம்பர், 10ம் தேதி,நோபல் பரிசு வழங்கப்பட உள்ளது. 

Wednesday, 15 August 2012

The Myth of India's Independence

The Myth of India's Independence

April 15, 2012


The first Indian Prime Minister Pandit Nehru (1889-1964) was a Freemason and Illuminati shill. He was in bed, in more ways than one, with Lord Mountbatten and his wife Edwina.

by "H"
(, reprised from 2004)

As we know, the biggest Illuminati project of the 20th century was Communism. The Illuminati fostered the growth of the Indian National Congress through its operatives, A.O Hume and William Wederburn.The idea was to create an independent India which would be a proxy for the Soviets.

For this purpose, Indian Freemasonry worked overtime to groom local Indian Mason operatives.

According to this official Masonic website,  "Swami Vivekananda (initiated in 1884 under the name of Bro. Narendra Nath Dutt in Lodge Anchor & Hope, Calcutta). Motilal Nehru - Lodge Harmony, Kanpur (Father of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru and grand father of Indhira Gandhi), C. Rajagopalachary (Governor General of India), Sir C P Ramaswamy Iyer (Divan of Travancore), Dr. P V Cheriy (Governor of Maharashtra), and Fakruddin Ali Ahmed (President of India)."

Since this Illuminati project of delivering an "independent India" to the Soviet sphere of influence required top priority, Illuminati operative Helena Blavatsky founded The Theosophical Society in India. The purpose was two-fold. First, Blavatsky would dig up the swastika and Aryan theory for the Nazis who were created to attack Russia, which would result in the entire Eastern Europe and Germany being transferred to Communists.

Secondly, The Theosophical Society would coordinate the Indian Independence movement through the Indian National Congress. Even back then, rumors began circulating about Blavatsky and the "Russians".

A key theosophist activist was Mrs. Annie Besant who despite acting against the British, managed to mysteriously escape being punished by them. If one analyzes the Indian independence movement, we notice the British building a crescendo of antagonizing the Indian National Congress and then caving in to their demands....whereas transfer of power to the INC was predetermined.

Realizing that Indian National Congress leaders were phoney in every respect, Mohammed Ali Jinnah, a British educated lawyer managed to get a mandate for an all Muslim Pakistan without shedding a drop of blood or going to jail.

The last Governor General of India, Lord Mountbatten was associated with the Rothschilds. He realized the threat Pakistan would pose to Soviet-proxy India. He assured that independent India got more than its share of landmass, including islands in the Indian Ocean, many border districts initially marked for Pakistan (which resulted in the Muslims being massacred), and 95% Muslim Kashmir which should have gone to Pakistan. 

The moment India was liberated coincides with a little known private ceremony known as "Hour of the British Empire" which is held in London.

Further, the Rothschild-owned British Petroleum was granted unlimited rights to all offshore Indian oil, which is valid to this day. There is reason to believe that the internationalists were behind the death/disappearance of Indian freedom fighter Subhash Chandra Bose who had become a popular rival to Theosophist groomed Nehru after independence.

Unlike Nehru, Bose was on the front lines using Indian POW's captured by the Japanese to fight back against the British. His death remains a mystery and it was conducted by the illuminati to ensure Nehru had control over all India.

The Congress party consisted of numerous Freemasons and Theosophists who ensured that India with its strategic landmass was always a total ally of the Soviet Union.

Later, many Communist countries including India became part of the "non aligned movement" which enabled them to remain allied to the Soviet Union and yet receive major aid from internationalists and their tax free foundations in America, including components for atomic weapons. Even Canadian Deuterium made its way into Soviet proxy India. All of Indian military hardware consisted of Russian technology and despite the cold war, the Illuminati was very reluctant to back Pakistan in any way.

Limited amounts of American small arms made it to Afghanistan through Pakistan but it is important to note that the American ambassador supervising it and the Pakistani President, General Zia were killed in the same plane crash!

India had major stakes in the Soviet Union, including a possible obliteration of Pakistan if the Soviets made it across Afghanistan. It is interesting to note that the UN turned a blind eye to the illegal Indian invasion and annexation of Goa. This proves that the UN was created to foster Illuminati plans.

 Of course, the farce of Indian independence will never be known to the casual observer, who is subjected to whitewash such as the BBC movie, "Gandhi" and Larry Collin's (Of Illuminati Collins bloodline) "Freedom at Midnight". As for Indians, despite their population of around 1 billion, they seem to be too hungry, hate obsessed and materialistic to ever figure it out. And again, greeting the powerful of the world with folded hands is never looked down upon in India. Rather, it represents a 1000 year old tradition.

 It is interesting to note that the Indian government crushed the real peasant classes who became genuine Communists without the Communist International batting an eye; and Soviet aid to India was never paused.

After the collapse of the Soviet Union, the Illuminati switched horses; abandoning the Congress party for the Hindu fascist Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP).

Though never in control of this party, this was the closest the Illuminati could get to exercising influence. The UN and world media would turn a blind eye to the burning alive of 5000+ Muslim civilians by Hindu hoodlums.

Israel would become intimately involved with India, to the extent of Israeli fighter planes being detected in the process of launching preemptive strikes on Pakistani nuclear reactors after India conducted its recent nuclear tests.

The coming to light of this event enraged the Chinese allies of Pakistan to such an extent that they gifted Pakistan a complete fleet of fighter planes.

The recent resurgence of the Congress has upset Illuminati plans. The creation of a one world government under the Illuminati UN will require not just horrendous wars in the Middle East but the rest of the world as well.

In Asia, we may see a war with Pakistan, North Korea and China against India, Taiwan and South Korea. If it happens to be a nuclear war, the carnage will help pave way for a UN one-world government. For that purpose, the Illuminati is working to get the recently dethroned Hindu fascist BJP party back on its feet.

Monday, 4 June 2012

June 5 message

June 5 message, 

When the Last Tree Is Cut Down, 

The Last Fish Eaten,

The Last Stream Poisoned, 

The Last Bee-hive destroyed,

The Last drop of petrol goes off, 

The Last earthworm dies in crop field,

The Last termite dies beneath the soil, 

The Last old wiseman dies,

The Last traditional wisdom unpracticed,

The Last blood relation get disconnected ,

The Last historical values of our land forgot,

The Last potter forgets to make pot,

The Last blacksmith forgets to make iron,

The Last Farmer forgets how to till the soil, 

The Last toddy tapper forgets to tap the toddy, 

The Last carpenter forgets to make plough,

The Last artisan forgets to make any art,

The Last  You Will Realize That You Cannot Eat Money made in the pseudo economy

So, Learn arts involving the muscle power and redefine our existing way.. 

New on above photo from maharashtra 

Wildlife enthusiasts have been in a state of shock ever since they saw the numbing photo, now in circulation on social media, of a tiger chopped into several pieces.

It was apparently poached from the Tadoba-Andhari Tiger Reserve, off Chandrapur in Maharashtra. The pieces of the carcass, sans the head and paws, were found by a forest guard. A surgical glove was found inside one of these pieces.

The Wildlife Protection Society of India (WPSI), which is assisting the Maharashtra Forest department in investigating the ghastly incident reported last week, says burn marks on the hind limb indicate that the animal was electrocuted at some other spot, chopped into pieces and then dumped from a vehicle, on the road off Chandrapur. The Maharashtra government has announced a cash reward for anyone providing information.

Wildlife experts say they have never come across such gruesome slaughter of the endangered national animal, paradoxically coming as it does a year after the leap in tiger population in sanctuaries to 1,706 from 1,411 in 2008. The WPSI estimates that 14 were lost this year due to poaching and seizure, as against 13 last year. In Maharashtra alone, there have been seven deaths so far, despite a high alert sounded after a similar instance of poaching last month.

The enthusiasts say poaching and killings are going on despite the report of the Tiger Task Force of 2005, constituted after disappearance of tigers from the Sariska Reserve in Rajasthan, provision of a special Rs. 50-crore grant by the Centre to the National Tiger Conservation Authority, and the popular “Save our tiger” campaign run by a TV channel and a cellular operator in association with WWF-India.
“We have so many agencies for tiger protection, and huge budgets at the Central and State levels, but we remain helpless. It again brings to light the fact that the Forest departments and their staff are unequal to the task,” says Asheesh Pittie, wildlife enthusiast.

Andhra Pradesh State Biodiversity Board member Rajeev Mathew, a regular visitor to the Tadoba reserve, says the brazen act of poachers has exposed the chinks in the tiger conservation armour.

Recalling that the local media prominently reported that Bahelia community poachers were on the prowl in the area, setting up metal traps, “having got orders for harvesting 25 Royal Bengal Tigers and a hefty amount of more than Rs. 40 lakh as advance,” Mr. Mathew said the Maharashtra government should have acted on such inputs.

The WPSI says the Forest Department should closely collaborate with skilled police officers and experienced individuals for intelligence-led enforcement. Patrolling, field monitoring, detection, gathering of intelligence, investigation, and prosecution are areas which desperately need improvement.

Monday, 28 May 2012

Traditional animal penning in the deltaic regions – A waning practice for soil fertility management

Yuvasenthilkumar R., Research Associate, KM portal project
Shiva kumar P., Junior Research Fellow, KM Portal project
Pastures and professions
            “Pastures” is a word that denotes the large grasslands of Savanna of North America and Europe. Sometimes it will start with the dense forest and exist in kilometers. It is also extended in the semi arid forests of Africa from Sahara to Zambia. The Pastoralists were the nomad communities around the world, who thrive by animal grazing in the pastures for their livelihood. In some places, the pastoralists were accused for high soil erosion and destruction of forests. In some areas, the pastoralists suffer from the denial of rights to graze in the ecological reserves and in grasslands. Their grassland and the grazing grounds were encroached and these were the soil problems around the world between them and the administrators. Even in India, the pastoralists were regulated under the ancient economic regulation book written by Kaudilya known as Arthasasthra. It reveals the laws that have governed the village forests and the cultivable lands from over-grazing. Arthasasthra penalizes the pastoralists or the cattle herders, one who graze the land without the permission of the owner of the cultivable land or the governing body of the village administrative unit. The vegetation on the soil was considered as the major resource as well as the protection in the village governance.

Pastoralism Vs Cattle penning
            Most of the Pastoralists of the world were different from the Cattle penners and also in their function of the Profession. Pastoralists were professional nomads and they don’t have any place to settle permanently. The Cattle penners of Tamil Nadu were the seasonal nomads and they have permanent settlement of their communities at one village, who will also be doing some permanent profession there like Agriculture.

            Cattle penners have Socio-functional utility with their profession, unlike the nomadic pastoralists, who thrive for their livelihood alone. In short the Cattle Penners and their communities was the flower of the civilization’s excellence and the societies have evolved in such a way to protect and effectively utilize the existing resources. These cattle penners stand as the symbol for sustainability. The life of the cattle penners and their community is the best coping mechanism in the Eastern Tamil nadu’s livelihood. “The Konars” is the name of the community that has followed this profession for millenniums forms a key position in the civilized society.
Coping mechanism how?
            The Cattle and the Sheep penners of Eastern Tamil nadu, take the cattle and the sheep of the agrarian communities of dry upland in the summer and bring them to the greenish lowlands. Here the agrarian communities of dryland insure the cattle thrive in the summer with Konars. In rainy season, the Konars return the respective cattle to the agrarian communities and help them for their profession for ploughing. In this way the upland agrarian communities’ by-pass the dry spell and protect the cattle with Konars. This coping mechanism has evolved along with the nature in the course of time. There was a talk among the farmers in the lowland, once upon a time the vice versa was also true. The lowland agrarian communities have sent the cattle to the upland in flood season to save their cattle.

Win-win-win situation
            The profession of Cattle penning, an intelligent natural design leads to a win-win-win situation among the communities of Eastern Tamil nadu with the coping mechanism. This differentiates the nomads of other region and the cattle penners in terms of socio-functional means.

For Upland Agrarian communities
            The upland agrarian communities send the cattle and sheep to the Konar communities to drove them to lowlands for grazing in the flood less green summer. Thus the risk of fodder and water less summer of the Ramnad and Pudukkottai districts were by-passed and the farmers protect the cattle through Konars. The farmers keep the limited cattle for daily usage. Here the upland farmers benefited in this way.

For the Lowland Agrarian communities
The lowland agrarian communities use the cattle and sheep penners for enriching the cultivable lands with the manures. For each day the penners charge Rs.300-500 depending upon the number of animals. The delta farmers will be happy in allowing the cattle to pen on their lands. They get good yields in the subsequent crop. Here the delta farmers also get benefitted.

For the Konars
            For the Konars after mutually benefitting the agrarian communities of both the elevations gets profit as money these days for their family. They use the money for their family investments in purchasing own cattle or sometimes for developing their lands. The cases described in the figures will tell the story of their lives. There are n number families which involves in this profession today, which live prosperously.

Keystones have become useless
The cattle penners were considered once as keystones for retaining the fetility of the cultivable lands, with the cattle management have become unimportant these days. The majority of the agrarian population has switched to synthetic fertilizers slowly in decades and the population of the cattles have also reduced slowly on the other side because of the unimportance of animals in agriculture. Moreover the young Konars have changed their profession based on their modern education and have become employers for urban. “Today most of the Konar communities were running the last generation of their traditional profession” says Mr.Ravanachandran, a sheep penner from Budhalur. He adds, “it is same also for the agrarian communities that we have served with our profession”.

Research Opening
The deltaic regions have started losing it 80% of the fertility due to the lack of silt deposition and bad silt management strategies due to various historical and administrative reasons.  The waning practice of animal penning again seriously threatens the fertility management of the cultivable lands of delta. The last source of the organic matters deposition in the delta is also threatened. The only organic matter that is most common in the delta is the green manuring practice. It should be seriously considered to make a census over the Konar and the cattle penning communities and their livelihood and their spatial spread out in the Delta and the adjoining uplands of Ramanathapuram and Pdukottai in South and Ariyalur, Perambalur and Tiruvannamalai districts of North. The traditional practices or the art of cattle penning should be documented scientifically and it have to be conserved through the special schools for educating and encouraging their offspring among themselves. There are success stories of the young generation cattle penners in Budhalur block of Thanjavur district, where the five children of the traditional father were engaged in the cattle penning have earned in million of Rupees and have bought 70 acres of land and some 100s of own animals in his farm. Such farms have to be encouraged to create interest among the younger generation.  The Government and the Banks should consider these people for availing the bank loans to by-pass the risk of economic losses due to epidemics in cattles. The need special focus from the animal husbandry and the agricultural ministries for protect their livelihood in the Eastern Tamil nadu for the welfare of the region.

Tuesday, 15 May 2012

Untreated groundwater a serious health issue, says survey

71 cities across India drew 18% of supply from groundwater
A survey of 71 cities across the country conducted by the Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) has shown that officially 82 per cent of all the water that municipalities of these cities supply comes from surface water resources, and the rest comes from groundwater resources.
But of these 71 cities, 11 depend almost completely on groundwater for public water supply. In the remaining, agencies supply water from surface sources by digging public tube wells.
“However, what is of particular concern is the connection between growing volumes of untreated sewage and contaminated groundwater. The circle of contamination is clearly what should worry city planners, as less and less sewage is treated even as more is generated. The groundwater comes under threat of contamination and public health is compromised,” the survey “Excreta Matters” warns.
In general, in a greater part of the country, groundwater is of good quality and suitable for drinking, agricultural or industrial purposes. There is salinity problem in the coastal tracts; high incidence of fluoride, arsenic, iron and heavy metals etc. in isolated pockets has also been reported, according to the Central Ground Water Board report 2010.
Inland salinity
Inland salinity in groundwater is prevalent mainly in the arid and semi-arid regions of Rajasthan, Haryana, Punjab, Gujarat, Uttar Pradesh, Delhi, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu. In some areas of Rajasthan and Gujarat, groundwater salinity is so high that the well water is directly used for salt manufacturing by solar evaporation.
The report itself claims that 85 per cent of rural population of the country uses groundwater for drinking and domestic purposes. Concentration of fluoride in groundwater beyond the permissible limit of 1.5 mg/l poses health problems. The presence of fluoride beyond the permissible limit has been observed based on the chemical analysis of water samples collected from groundwater the observation wells.
Arsenic in ground water is mainly in the intermediate aquifers up to a depth of 100m. The deeper aquifers are free from arsenic contamination. Apart from West Bengal, arsenic contamination in groundwater has been found in Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Uttar Pradesh & Assam.
High concentration of iron (>1.0 mg/l) in groundwater has been observed in more than 1.1 lakh habitations in 22 States and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
Nitrate, again, is a very common constituent in the groundwater, especially in shallow aquifers. The source is mainly from anthropogenic activities. High concentration of nitrate in water beyond the permissible limit of 45 mg/l causes health problems.
Oblivious to extraction
The survey has found a shocking fact: In the public domain, no one knows how much water is extracted. Every city today extracts more and more groundwater to meet its thirst. Water agencies formally indulge in extraction. Households do it privately, especially when the official pipeline fails to supply water to them. When water agencies hike water tariffs, commercial establishments quietly shift to the informal water economy, also predicated on groundwater extraction. The bottling water industry is thriving.
“Use of contaminated water is a serious public health issue as groundwater is used without any kind of treatment. It is contaminated with nitrates, heavy metals, and pesticides that can cause cancer, mental retardation. Pesticides enter the food chain through agricultures, hence it is important to protect the groundwater,” says Nitya Nacob, Programme Director (Water), CSE. It is lack of proper sewerage that adds to the problem as 78 per cent of sewage seeps back into the ground, he adds while drawing attention to the highly toxic discharges that are drained into rivers in industrial belts, which ultimately find their way into groundwater.
No piped water
Large areas do remain unserved by piped water. These have no option but to depend on groundwater. “We know that 80 per cent of water used in households, industries and institutions is discharged as waste,” the report points out.
The Central Ground Water Board monitors quality in their network of 15,600-odd wells countrywide. But the agency has no mandate to control pollution or to supply water. A city's public health and engineering department, or its water supply agency, does have the mandate to take into consideration the important matter of water quality. But since groundwater is not considered a critical part of the system, they do not monitor it. All in all, groundwater monitoring is neglected and this is part of the crisis of water supply in urban India, the CSE report points out.
Monitoring stations
The Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) maintains 784 water quality monitoring stations, but mainly along river courses. Only 181 stations are “underground quality stations.” In these underground stations, contaminants — particularly pesticides — are not monitored regularly, but from time to time. By 2011, the number of monitoring stations had gone up to 1,700, of which 490 were for monitoring groundwater quality.
In 2007, the Central Pollution Control Board released a nationwide study on the status of groundwater quality. The survey collected 204 samples from some eight metropolitan cities in different parts of the country. Another 112 samples were taken from areas identified as a ‘problem' — industrial hotspots such as Durgapur in West Bengal or Vapi in Gujarat. It concluded: “There is a decline in the quality of this essential source slowly, but definitely.” In most cities, the survey found a toxic cocktail of bacterial and pesticide contamination.