Friday, 2 December 2011

How Britain plundered colonial India - George Monbiot

Outsourcing Unrest, June 17, 2009

The 300 year colonial adventure is over at last, which is why Britain is in political crisis.

By George Monbiot. Published in the Guardian 9th June 2009

Why now? It’s not as if this is the first time our representatives have been caught out. The history of governments in all countries is the history of scandal, as those who rise to the top are generally the most ambitious, ruthless and unscrupulous people politics can produce. Pushing their own interests to the limit, they teeter perennially on the brink of disgrace, except when they fly clean over the edge. So why does the current ballyhoo threaten to destroy not only the government but also our antediluvian political system?

The past 15 years have produced the cash-for-questions racket, the Hinduja and Ecclestone affairs, the lies and fabrications which led to the invasion of Iraq, the forced abandonment of the BAE corruption probe, the cash-for-honours caper and the cash-for-amendments scandal. By comparison to the outright subversion of the functions of government in some of these cases, the expenses scandal is small beer. Any one of them should have prompted the sweeping political reforms we are now debating. But they didn’t.

The expenses scandal, by contrast, could kill the Labour party. It might also force politicians of all parties to address our injust voting system, the unelected House of Lords, the excessive power of the executive, the legalised blackmail used by the whips and a score of further anachronisms and injustices. Why is it different?

I believe that the current political crisis has little to do with the expenses scandal, still less to do with Gordon Brown’s leadership. It arises because our economic system can no longer extract wealth from other nations. For the past 300 years, the revolutions and reforms experienced by almost all other developed countries have been averted in Britain by foreign remittances.

The social unrest which might have transformed our politics was instead outsourced to our colonies and unwilling trading partners. The rebellions in Ireland, India, China, the Caribbean, Egypt, South Africa, Malaya, Kenya, Iran and other places we subjugated were the price of political peace in Britain. Following decolonisation, our plunder of other nations was sustained by the banks. Now, for the first time in three centuries, they can no longer deliver, and we must at last confront our problems.

There will probably never be a full account of the robbery this country organised, but there are a few snapshots. In his book Capitalism and Colonial Production, Hamza Alavi estimates that the resource flow from India to Britain between 1793 and 1803 was in the order of £2m a year, the equivalent of many billions today. The economic drain from India, he notes, “has not only been a major factor in India’s impoverishment … it has also been a very significant factor in the Industrial Revolution in Britain.”(1) As Ralph Davis observes in The Industrial Revolution and British Overseas Trade, from the 1760s onwards India’s wealth “bought the national debt back from the Dutch and others … leaving Britain nearly free from overseas indebtedness when it came to face the great French wars from 1793.”(2)

In France, by contrast, as Eric Hobsbawn notes in The Age of Revolution, “the financial troubles of the monarchy brought matters to a head.” In 1788, half of France’s national expenditure was used to service its debt: “the American War and its debt broke the back of the monarchy”(3).

Even as the French were overthrowing the ancient regime, Britain’s landed classes were able to strengthen their economic power, seizing common property from the country’s poor by means of enclosure. Partly as a result of remittances from India and the Caribbean, the economy was booming and the state had the funds to ride out political crises. Later, after smashing India’s own industrial capacity, Britain forced that country to become a major export market for our manufactured goods, sustaining industrial employment here (and avoiding social unrest) long after our products and processes became uncompetitive.

Colonial plunder permitted the British state to balance its resource deficits as well. For some 200 years a river of food flowed into this country from places like Ireland, India and the Caribbean. In The Blood Never Dried, John Newsinger reveals that in 1748 Jamaica alone sent 17,400 tons of sugar to Britain; by 1815 this had risen to 73,800 tons(4). It was all produced by stolen labour.

Just as grain was sucked out of Ireland at the height of its great famine, so Britain continued to drain India of food during its catastrophic hungers. In Late Victorian Holocausts, Mike Davis shows that Indian wheat exports to the UK doubled between 1876 and 1877 as subsistence there collapsed(5). Several million Indians died of starvation. In the North Western provinces the famine was wholly engineered by British policy, as their surplus production was exported to offset poor English harvests in 1876 and 1877(6).

Britain, in other words, outsourced famine as well as social unrest. There was terrible poverty in this country in the second half of the 19th Century, but not mass starvation. The bad harvest of 1788 helped precipitate the French Revolution, but the British state avoided such hazards. Others died on our behalf.

In the late 19th Century, Davis shows, Britain’s vast deficits with the United States, Germany and its white Dominions were balanced by huge annual surpluses with India and (as a result of the opium trade) China. For a generation “the starving Indian and Chinese peasantries … braced the entire system of international settlements, allowing England’s continued financial supremacy to temporarily co-exist with its relative industrial decline.”(7) Britain’s trade surpluses with India allowed the City to become the world’s financial capital.

Its role in British colonisation was not a passive one. The bankruptcy and subsequent British takeover of Egypt in 1882 was hastened by a loan from Rothschild’s bank whose execution, Newsinger records, amounted to “fraud on a massive scale”(8). Jardine Matheson, once the biggest narco-trafficking outfit in world history (it dominated the Chinese opium trade), later formed a major investment bank, Jardine Fleming. It was taken over by JP Morgan Chase in 2000.

We lost our colonies, but the plunder has continued by other means. As Joseph Stiglitz shows in Globalisation and its Discontents, the capital liberalisation forced on Asian economies by the IMF permitted northern traders to loot hundreds of billions of dollars, precipitating the Asian financial crisis of 1997-98(9). Poorer nations have also been strong-armed into a series of amazingly one-sided treaties and commitments, such as Trade Related Investment Measures, bilateral investment agreements and the EU’s Economic Partnership Agreements(10). If you have ever wondered how a small, densely-populated country which produces very little supports itself, I would urge you to study these asymmetric arrangements.

But now, as John Lanchester demonstrates in his fascinating essay in the London Review of Books, the City could be fatally wounded(11). The nation which relied on financial services may take generations to recover from their collapse. The great British adventure – three centuries spent pillaging the labour, wealth and resources of other countries – is over. We cannot accept this, and seek gleeful revenge on a government which can no longer insulate us from reality.


1. Hamza Alavi, 1982. Capitalism and Colonial Production, pp 62-63. Croom Helm, London.

2. Ralph Davis, 1979. The Industrial Revolution and British Overseas Trade, pp55-56. Leicester University Press.

3. Eric Hobsbawm, 1962. The Age of Revolution, p78. Abacus, London.

4. John Newsinger, 2006. The Blood Never Dried, p14. Bookmarks, London.

5. Mike Davis, 2001. Late Victorian Holocausts, p27. Verso, London.

6. ibid, p51.

7. ibid, p297

8. John Newsinger, ibid, p86.

9. Joseph Stiglitz, 2002. Globalization and its Discontents. Allen Lane, London. First published in 2002 by W.W. Norton, New York.

10. See for example Myriam Vander Stichele, 24th October 2008. The facilitating framework for free investment and capital. Draft Briefing Paper. The Corner House.

11. John Lanchester, 28th May 2009. It’s Finished. London Review of Books.

Thursday, 1 December 2011

TNAU recollects the traditional paddy varieties from farmers

The traditional paddy varieties released before are seem to be lost  in Tamil nadu Agricultural University (TNAU) or it is collecting undocumented paddy varieties. It is the call request made by the head of the department of Rice, TNAU, Coimbatore.

The following are the traditional paddy varieties selections released from TNAU, since 1921.


            Department of Rice was established in the year 1912 and is the oldest rice research station in India. This centre is internationally renowned with its record in rice history, headed by the British scientists like F.R. Parnell, P.O. Iliffe and also by the first Indian paddy specialist Dr.K.Ramaiah.
            This is situated at an elevation of 426.72m and between 11oN latitude and 77oE longitude. The total area is 12.96 ha having clayey texture of soil with 7.8 pH. The average rainfall is 900 mm per year.
1.       Development of high yielding varieties of different duration groups through Inter disciplinary approach.
2.       Collaborative research programmes are being carried out with the co-ordination of Directorate of Rice Research, Hyderabad through All India Coordinated Rice Improvement Project (AICRIP)
3.       Collaborative research with International Rice Research Institute, Philippines and Directorate of Rice Research, Hyderabad.
4.       Hybrid rice research in the National and International network programme.
5.       Genetic enhancement through innovative approaches like wide hybridization, anther culture and molecular aspects.
6.       Accomplishing post graduate research
7.       Transfer of technology to create awareness by organizing training programmes, front line demonstrations and study tours for the benefit of the farming community.

University Research Projects  
1.       Development of three line hybrids in rice
2.       Development of hybrids crops rice
3.       Evaluation of short duration (105 – 115 days) rice varieties resistant / tolerant to BPH and blast through mission mode approach
4.       Nucleus and breeder seed production of Coimbatore rice varieties
5.       Evaluation of early and mid early duration varieties through AICRIP and INGER
6.       Development of TGMS lines in rice
7.       Development of two line hybrids in rice
8.       Development of new hybrid rice variety
9.       Hybrid seed production of ADTRH 1 and CORH 2 rice hybrids
10.   Collection, evaluation and conservation of germplasm types in rice.
11.   Evaluation of medium and long duration rice cultures from AICRIP
12.   Evolution of medium duration rice varieties resistance to blast and stem borer through mission mode approach
13.   Development of new CMS lines in rice
 Externally funded projects
1.       Large scale germplasm, breeding and mapping populations- collection and characterization for genetic enhancement of drought tolerance in rice. (Rockefeller Foundation, USA grant) (PI: Dr. S. Robin)
2.       Development and Dissemination of drought tolerant rice cultivars (Generation Challenge Programme- RF-IRRI grant)(PI: Dr. S. Robin)
3.       Diversification of tungro virus resistance into commercial rice cultivars (Govt. of India - Dept. of Biotechnology grant)        (PI: Dr. S. Robin)

Contact Professor and Head
Department of Rice
Center for Plant Breeding and Genetics
Tamil Nadu Agricultural University
Coimbatore - 641 003
Tamil Nadu, India.
E-mail  :

Build a selective barrier between Government and Ryots

The following is an article published in THE HINDU, a daily and I thought of adding few comments to the farmer's continuous questions, which has been asked for decades on which the country raiders (government) don't have any hearing. We need a real alternative to save peasants. 
Break the barriers between researchers and ryots
For a farmer, the field is office and a good crop means a rewarding salary. “If he manages to get a little extra then he considers it as a bonus. In a country, where agriculture is supposed to be thousands of years old, isn’t it an irony that a majority of its farmers are not happy financially,” says Mr. P. Jayaram, a progressive farmer in Bangalore growing grapes, tomato, vegetables and mulberry in 15 acres. Who is to be blamed for the present crises?
                Core reason: British are to blame. They were the one who have dismantled the village economy by bringing in the exploitative agriculture based on cotton, indigo, saltpetre, tobacco, tea, coffee and rice exports.

Accountability is a must
“There is no use in passing the buck. Accountability is a must, Of what use are all the financial schemes and bank loans, all claiming to be in the farmers’ interest?
“Most of these are only on paper. Do you know the difficulty in getting a Rs.10,000 small-crop loan from a bank? Ask a farmer and he will tell you. And today we are able to buy a Rs. 5 lakh car in a few hours over the phone. Is this a healthy economy?” he asks.
“I am not disputing the fact that the facilities and comforts are today a necessity, but in the name of new luxuries, farmers and agriculture should not be bartered,” he contends.
“Agriculture” is bartered i.e. the peasant farmers living in a village. Agriproduction is welcomed by the credit institutions. The economic system is capital centric. If a crop (Take example of Vanilla, Tea, Coffee, Sugarcane, cutflowers or any commercial crops, food processing) is economically yielding those farmers get crores of Rupees. I know a friend who works in a private bank didn’t want to risk with small farmers rather giving loans to few capital and creditworthy paddy processors than peasant paddy growers. The peasant farmers who stick to the staple food production were only bartered. Peasant farming is survival case for farmers. Banks are not charity institutions to lend the peasants. They will red carpet the non-food growers, borewell business, sand mining business and all sorts of businesses which destroys peasant farming resources. Gov’t has no understanding and this post independence gov’t is the middleman between illegal corporate and “85% land owning peasants”.

Role of media
India being an agrarian country, it is the duty of journalists to identify and suggest solutions to burning problems of villages, instead of only reporting on deaths and suicides, Mr. Jayaram argues, calling on the media to be proactive in this.
A journalist’s report must be like a platform to record, show, inform the society about farming experiences in villages, and their traditional methods of conserving land, water etc. According to him, though farmers are true scholars in their area, in reality they are not treated so.
Journalism in agriculture needs lot of regional and local understanding. Unfortunately it is the fundamental lacking point in the government system. Then how come the media would address the farmers issue. In India, the media don’t had original thinking and expressions since independence. It failed to fight the under understanding and misunderstanding policies of the nehruvian model.
“Often the brick compound wall and wire fences erected around agriculture research centres keep them away from approaching these places.
“Being shy and reserved by nature, a farmer naturally gets flabbergasted by the security at the gate and the protocols involved in such centres,” he says.
“Till date I have never heard or seen any instance where a farmer treats his guests anything but cordially. But the same farmer seldom receives the same courtesy in agricultural offices or research centres he visits.”
Securities were not five star hotel employees and researchers are not extension or consulting officer to receive the farmers cordially and hear his queries. But the AOs in the gov’t system, they are and they must.  For that they should be from local area and they should be consulted by the IAS officers in the top hierarchy for bringing policy decisions. Most of the AOs have interests to help farmers, but the misunderstood and malfunctioning top level administration will always destroy interests of grassroot extension officials. Brainless IAS officers and the backboneless politicians were to blame.

Not be a barrier
“Such a treatment of the farmers is not acceptable. The high walls of the research centres should be limited to safeguard the privacy of research, and must not become a barrier between the minds of the researchers and the farmers,” explains Mr. Jayaram. In fact it is their knowledge and skills that should be sought after by those in agricultural varsities. Scientific farming should evolve involving “true scholars” – the farmers, according to him. The fact to be noted here is that though the famine or flood does not seem to affect a politician a beauraucrat or businessman - it is only the farmer who endures the loss and suffers.
I never accept the scientific farming. It is scientific production. Farming is a history. Today, we have ultra modern scientists who compartmentalize the farming research and fail to think coherently to move further. Thatswhy the mainstreams disciplines like of so called scientific farming marches in different directions.

Needs money
“Have you ever heard about a person from any other profession committing suicide due to crop failure,” he asks.
Seeds, fertilizers, insecticides etc. do not come free of cost. Even such a basic profession as farming needs money.
And the farmer needs financial assistance. Drawn by the several advertisements, that endorse these financial institutions, a farmer buys the seeds and sows it with hopes of high yields.
“When he fails to get a good yield the company that supplied the seeds does not take any reponsibility, and the agriculture experts keep tight lipped. This is the case prevailing in many villages,” asserts Mr. Jayaram.
Guinnie pigs are only for tests. But unfortunately, here they are also for the businesses.

Indirect support
By lowering the rate of interests time and again, the government too indirectly encourages them to take such financial assistance, making them lifelong debtors.
The hope of a getting a good yield remains just a dream for a poor farmer.
For more details readers can contact Mr. P. Jayaram, Byrdhenahalli, Devanahalli taluk, Bangalore rural, mobile: 09740963352 and 09591527526.
Government is misgoverned. It will lost until it gets separated from the export oriented exploitative agriculture.
Land is important and its important that how you use the land. The current government system has no clue or understanding about the traditional system managing the land. Next generation has already turned in to economic, cultural and environmental refugees due to the wrong temptation, education and resource management. Its is time for the proactive, truthful scientists and the traditional farm folks who haven't lost their traditional land governance knowledge to wakeup and make checks wherever necessary  to  stop government in spoiling the system and reclaim the local administrative system. 

Thank you M.J.Prabhu, THE HINDU

Sunday, 13 November 2011

உழவுக்கு வந்த ஊழ் வினை -டாக்டர் கே.வெங்கடேசன்

ஆங்கிலேயர்கள் இந்தியாவை ஆக்கிரமித்த பின், இங்குள்ளவை பற்றி அவர்கள் ஆச்சரியப்பட்ட விஷயங்கள் இரண்டு: ஒன்று குருகுலக் கல்வி; மற்றொன்று நமது பாரம்பரிய விவசாயம்.

அப்போதைய பிரிட்டிஷ் இந்திய கவர்னரான, ராபர்ட் கிளைவ் நம் விவசாய முறையை பற்றி நீண்ட விரிவான ஆய்வு செய்தார். இந்திய விவசாய முறை, பிரிட்டிஷாரை சார்ந்திருக்கவும், அவர்களுக்கு சாதகமாகவும் மாற்ற நினைத்தார். அவருடைய ஆய்வின்படி, இந்திய கால்நடைகள், குறிப்பாக, பசுக்கள் தான் நமது விவசாயத்தின் முதுகெலும்பு. பசுக்கள் இல்லை என்றால் இந்திய விவசாயம் அழியும். இப்பசுக்களை அழித்துவிட்டால், விவசாயம் அழிவுப்பாதையை நோக்கி திரும்பும். அதன் மூலம் ரசாயன உரங்களுக்காகவும், பூச்சிக் கொல்லி மருந்துகளுக்காகவும் ஆங்கிலேயர்களை சார்ந்து இருக்கும் நிலை ஏற்படும் என உணர்ந்தார்.நமது பசுக்களின் சாணம் நல்ல சத்தான உரமாகவும், அவற்றின் சிறுநீர் சிறந்த பூச்சிக் கொல்லியாகவும் காலம், காலமாக நம்மால் பயன்படுத்தப்பட்டு வந்தது.பசுக்கள் அழிந்தால், இந்தியர்கள், உரத்திற்கும், பூச்சிக் கொல்லி மருந்துக்கும் ஆங்கிலேயரை சார்ந்து நிற்கும் நிலை உருவாகும் என முடிவு செய்தார். இப்படித்தான் ஆங்கிலேய நாட்டின் உரங்கள் இங்கு நுழைந்தன.

நமது பசுக்களின் சாணத்தையும், சிறுநீரையும் பயன்படுத்தி ஒரு ஏக்கருக்கு, 54 குவிண்டால் அளவுக்கு சத்தான அரிசியை நாம் உற்பத்தி செய்தோம். இதை அறிந்து, 1760ல் ராபர்ட் கிளைவ், பசுக்களை கொல்ல, பசுவதை கூடங்களை (ஸ்லாட்டர் ஹவுஸ்) இந்தியாவில் நிறுவினார். முதல் பசுவதைக் கூடம் நிறுவப்பட்டு, நாளொன்றுக்கு, 30 ஆயிரம் பசுக்கள் வீதம், ஒரு ஆண்டில் ஒரு கோடி பசுக்களை கொன்றார். அவர் இந்தியாவை விட்டுச் செல்வதற்கு முன், இதேபோல பல கூடங்களை நிறுவினார். இதன் மூலம் லட்சக்கணக்கான பசுக்கள் உணவு என்ற போர்வையில் கொல்லப்பட்டன.அக்காலத்தில் பெரும்பாலான பகுதிகளில் நம் மக்கள் தொகையை விட, பசுக்களின் எண்ணிக்கை அதிகமாக இருந்தது. இதன்மூலம் ஆரோக்கியமான உணவு உற்பத்தி நடந்தது. 1910ம் ஆண்டு நம்நாட்டில், 350 பசுவதைக் கூடம் இரவும், பகலும் இயங்கின. பசுக்களின் எண்ணிக்கை படிப்படியாக குறைந்ததும், நாம் ரசாயன உரத்திற்கு அவர்கள் வாசலை நாடிய நிலை உருவானது. இதன் மூலம் யூரியாவும், பாஸ்பேட் உரங்களும் உள்ளே நுழைந்தன.

நம்நாடு சுதந்திரம் அடைந்த பின், பசுமை புரட்சி என்ற பெயரில், பெருமளவு ரசாயன உரங்களை பயன்படுத்தி, உற்பத்தியை பெருக்கினோம். அதன் பக்க விளைவுகளை இன்று அனுபவிக்கிறோம்.ஒருமுறை காந்தியிடம், ஒரு பத்திரிகை நிருபர் கேட்ட கேள்விக்கு, அவர் கூறிய பதில், "இந்தியா சுதந்திரம் அடையும் அந்த நாளில், இந்தியாவில் உள்ள அனைத்து பசுவதைக் கூடங்களும் மூடப்படும்' என்றார். 1929ம் ஆண்டு, நேரு ஒரு பொதுக் கூட்டத்தில், "நான் இந்தியாவின் பிரதமரானால், இங்குள்ள பசுவதைக் கூடங்களை மூடுவதே என்னுடைய முதல் வேலையாக இருக்கும்' என்றார்.இதில் மிகப்பெரிய சோகம் என்னவென்றால், 1947க்குப் பின், 350 பசுவதைக் கூடங்கள் என்ற நிலையில் இருந்து, 36 ஆயிரம் பசுவதைக் கூடங்கள் என்ற நிலைக்கு, "முன்னேறி' விட்டோம். இன்று அதிநவீன இயந்திரங்களால் ஆன வதைக் கூடங்கள் நிறுவப்பட்டு, ஒரு மணி நேரத்தில் பத்தாயிரம் பசுக்கள் என்ற அளவில் வதை செய்யும் திறனுடன் இரவும், பகலும் இயங்கிக் கொண்டிருக்கின்றன.

மாட்டுக் கறிக்காகவும், தோலுக்காகவும் லட்சக்கணக்கான பசுக்கள் கொடூரமாக கொல்லப்படுகின்றன. டில்லியில் மட்டும், 11 ஆயிரம் பசுவதைக் கூடங்கள் சட்டத்திற்கு புறம்பாக இயங்குகின்றன. இங்கு மட்டும் நாளொன்றுக்கு, இரண்டு லட்சம் பசுக்கள் கொல்லப்படுகின்றன.நமது நாட்டு பசுக்களின் இனமே கருவறுக்கப்படும் சூழல் நடந்து கொண்டிருக்கிறது. நமது பாரம்பரிய கால்நடைகள், நல்ல உடல் சக்தியுடன், நோய் எதிர்ப்பு திறன், வெயிலை தாங்கும் சக்தி பெற்றவை. மாபியா கும்பல், அவர்களுடைய லாரி, டிரக்குகளில் நூற்றுக் கணக்கான பசுக்களை சந்தைகளில் வாங்கி, வதைக் கூடங்களுக்கு அனுப்பி வருகிறது. இதற்கு போலீஸ் துறையும் உடந்தையாக செயல்படுகிறது. வடமாநிலங்களில் துப்பாக்கி முனையில் கால்நடைகள் கிராம மக்களிடம் இருந்து பறித்துச் செல்லப்படுகின்றன.

விவசாயம் அழிந்து தொழிற்சாலைகளும், நகரமயமாதலும் பெருகி வருகிறது. பெரும்பாலான விவசாய நிலங்கள் பிளாட்டுகளாகவும், வர்த்தக கேந்திரங்களாகவும் உருமாறிவிட்டன. கால்நடைகளுக்கு பசுந்தீவனம், வைக்கோல் குறைந்து கொண்டே வருகிறது. மேய்ச்சல் நிலமும் மறைந்து கொண்டே வருகிறது. முந்தைய ஆட்சியில் நிலமற்ற விவசாயிகளுக்கு இரண்டு ஏக்கர் நிலம் என்ற திட்டத்தில், இருந்த புறம்போக்கு நிலங்களும் மறைந்துவிட்டன.விளைநிலம் குறைந்தால் என்ன, குறைந்த நிலம், அதிக மகசூல் என்ற நோக்கில் அறிவியலாளர்கள் உள்ளனர். உணவுப் பொருட்களை விளைவிப்பதைவிட, இறக்குமதி செய்து கொள்வது எளிது என, அரசியல்வாதிகள் கூறுகின்றனர். இதன் பாதிப்புகளை அனுபவிக்கப்போவது, வருங்கால சந்ததிகள் தான்.

அறிவியலாளர்கள் மற்றும் பிராணிகள் நல அமைப்பினர்களின் புள்ளி விவரப்படி, நம் நாட்டில் உள்ள, 73 மில்லியன் (ஒரு மில்லியன் என்றால் பத்து லட்சம்) உழவு மற்றும் வண்டி மாடுகள், 27 மில்லியன் மெகாவாட் சக்தி அளவிற்கு உடல் உழைப்பை நமக்கு கொடையாக அளிக்கின்றன. இந்த உழைப்பின் மூலம், இதேஅளவு சக்தியை உற்பத்தி செய்ய ஆகும் நிலக்கரி மற்றும் மற்ற மூலப்பொருட்களை சேமிக்கின்றன.இக்கால்நடைகளால் ஒரு ஆண்டுக்கு, 100 மில்லியன் டன் காய்ந்த சாணம் நமக்கு கிடைக்கிறது. இதன் மதிப்பு 20 ஆயிரம் கோடி ரூபாய். இச்சாணம் கிடைப்பதால், 50 மில்லியன் டன் விறகு சேமிக்கப்படுகிறது. இதனால், மரங்கள் அதிக அளவிற்கு வெட்டப்படாமல் தவிர்க்கப்படுவதுடன், இயற்கை சூழலும் பாதுகாக்கப்படுகிறது.

இந்த, 73 மில்லியன் கால்நடைகளும் கறிக்காகவோ, தோலுக்காகவோ கொல்லப்பட்டால், நமக்கு, 7.3 மில்லியன் டிராக்டர்கள் தேவைப்படும். இதற்கு 2 லட்சம் கோடி ரூபாய் முதலீடு தேவைப்படும். அவற்றை இயக்குவதற்கு, 2 கோடியே, 37 லட்சத்து, 50 ஆயிரம் டன் டீசல் தேவைப்படும். இதன் மதிப்பு ஒரு லட்சம் கோடி ரூபாய். இந்த அளவு டீசலை பயன்படுத்துவதால் காற்று மாசுபாடு மற்றும் புவிவெப்பமயமாதல் அதிகரிக்கும்.இயற்கை நமக்கு தந்த செல்வங்களான, கால்நடைகளை கொல்வதன் மூலம் நாம் எவ்வளவு விலையை தந்து கொண்டிருக்கிறோம் என்பதை, சிந்திக்கும் ஆற்றல் பெற்றோர் எண்ணிப் பார்க்க வேண்டும்.இன்று, ரசாயன உரம் இறக்குமதிக்காக கோடிக்கணக்கான ரூபாயை பன்னாட்டு கம்பெனிகளுக்கு கொட்டிக் கொடுக்கிறோம். அதுமட்டுமின்றி பால் மற்றும் பால் சார்ந்த பொருட்களையும் இறக்குமதி செய்கிறோம்.ஒரு நவீன மாடு வதை கூடத்திற்கு, அதை சுத்தம் செய்ய தண்ணீர் அளவு ஒரு நாளைக்கு, இரண்டு லட்சம் லிட்டர். இது பல லட்சம் மக்களின் குடிநீர் தேவையை பூர்த்தி செய்யும். தண்ணீர் தட்டுப்பாடும், எரிசக்தி தட்டுப்பாடும் உள்ள நம்நாட்டில் இயற்கையின் கொடையாக கிடைத்த இந்த கால்நடைச் செல்வங்களை கொல்வதை, இனிமேலும் ஏற்றுக் கொள்ளத்தான் வேண்டுமா? Email:

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நன்றி : தினமலர்

Cow Slaughter — The Brahmastra of the British

Posted by Madhava Gosh under Cows and Environment 
The Two most astonishing things for the British who invaded India were:
1)      The Indian gurukula system.
2)      The Indian agriculture system.
The then Governor of British India Robert Clive made an extensive research on the agriculture system in India.
The outcome of the research was as follows:
1)      Cows were the basis of Indian agriculture and agriculture in India cannot be executed without the help of cow.
2)      To break the Backbone of Indian agriculture cows had to be eliminated.
The first slaughterhouse in India was started in 1760, with a capacity to kill 30,000 (Thirty thousand only) per day, at least one crore cows were eliminated in an years time.
He estimated that the number of cows in Bengal outnumbered the number of men. Similar was the situation in the rest of India.
As a part of the Master plan to destabilize the India, cow slaughter was initiated.
Once the cows were slaughtered, then there was no manure and there is no insecticide like cow urine.
Robert Clive started a number of slaughter houses before he left India.
A hypothesis to understand the position of Indian agriculture without slaughter houses:-
In 1740 in the Arcot District of Tamil Nadu, 54 Quintals of rice was harvested from one acre of land using simple manure and pesticides like cow urine and cow dung.
As a result of the 350 slaughterhouses which worked day and night by 1910. India was practically bereft of cattle. India had to approach England’s doorstep for industrial manure. Thus industrial manure like urea
and phosphate made way to India.
by Shyamasundara (das) ACBSP  (USA)
After India attained independence in the name of “Green Revolution” there was extensive use of industrial manure.
Before British left India. The daily news paper Guardian interviewed India.
To one of the questions Gandhiji answered, that the day India attains Independence, all the slaughter houses in India would be closed.
In 1929 Nehru in a public meeting stated that if he were to become the prime minister of India, the first thing he would do is to stop all the slaughterhouses.
The tragedy of the situation is since 1947 the number has increased from350 to 36,000(thirty six thousand) slaughter houses.
Today, the highly mechanized slaughterhouses Al-kabir and Devanar of Andhra Pradesh and Maharastra has the capacity to slaughter 10,000(ten thousand) cows at a time.
It’s a warning signal to one and all in India to rise to the occasion!!! 

Wednesday, 26 October 2011

Medicines were biggest killer today - Earth-shaking discovery!

B.M.Hegde - (The writer is a former professor of cardiology, Middlesex Hospital Medical School, University of London and former Vice-Chancellor, Manipal University. His email is: )

Time has come to abandon the disease era of medicine. We have to concentrate on the whole human organism for the future management of altered physiologies.
“There is no science of man,” wrote Nobel Laureate Alexis Carrel in his celebrated book Man, the Unknown. Modern medicine, even today, nearly 85 years after the death of conventional science following Werner Heisenberg's Uncertainty Principle, is buried in the linear science of Newtonian Physics which believes that man is made up of matter, which follows certain deterministic predictability patterns. That was before the new awareness in science of the atom having been made up of smaller sub-atomic elements. Even more earth- shattering was the discovery that atoms emit various strange energies such as X-rays and radioactivity.

Newer discoveries in physics showed that matter and energy are the two sides of the same coin — a duality. (Hans Peter Durr). One should read his article, Matter is not made out of matter, for the lay people to get a better idea. The human body is but the human mind in an illusory solid shape. As the famous Johns Hopkins physicist, Richard Conn Henry, put it in 2005, “This world is immaterial — mental and spiritual.” Atoms are made out of invisible energy; not tangible matter. Quantum physics speaks a strange language of “now you see it, now you don't.” Each atom or molecule has its own unique energy signature.

Everything in this world, including you and me, radiates our unique energy signature. This new science, which will be the new science of man, nullifies our idea of organ based diseases, which we started 450 years ago from the time of Vesalius. All organs have their cells and atoms that have their unique energy signature. Human body is a colony of 50 trillion happy individual human cells that did exist as unicellular organisms for millions of years before getting together as this multicellular colony. Fritz-Albert Popp, a German physicist, has been able to map all our cells using his biophoton camera where he defines “health as a state where the cells are vibrating in synch with one another; disease is when they fall out of synch!” The latest development of science has now accepted the definition of Whole Person Healing (WPH) for future. (Late Professor Rustum Roy at the IOM meeting in February 2010). Time has come to abandon the disease era of medicine. We have to concentrate on the whole human organism for the future management of altered physiologies. The new definition of health is “enthusiasm to work and enthusiasm to be compassionate.” This comes close to the definition of health in Ayurveda, a much more scientific healing art, which followed quantum physics from day one long before physicists discovered quantum physics. Durr does write that the concept of Indian advaita is a better understanding of quantum world compared to his definition of a-duality.

Our old model had a linear structure which followed the Ford Motor style assembly line. If biochemical transmission failed between points A and B, the precursor chemical could accumulate at point A and point B will be depleted of it. The holistic model is that if there is any such lapse, the effect could be felt in multiple areas and systems. One example will clarify this. When you are bitten by a spider you get a severe swelling and itching in the area due to release of the powerful histamine, locally. But if you treat that with an antihistamine, the latter will go round everywhere and have dangerous distant effects even in the brain. While histamine increases capillary permeability locally producing swelling, in the brain histamine enhances the neuronal function for better output. In our present thinking we give you antihistamine and your itching stops but the same antihistamine blocks the brain histamine levels and your brain cells function less, making you very drowsy! This tells us why the biggest killer today is Adverse Drug Reaction (ADR). Further studies have shown that any drug we give helps only because of the faith the patient has got in the doctor (placebo) and the drug has only side-effects! This earth-shaking discovery was made recently in a multi-centric study in the four leading universities. (Science Translational Medicine March 2011).

Biological systems like man are redundant. This redundancy makes the same signal to be used in multiple places in the body to achieve many things economically with varied behavioural functions. This was the fallacy of our old reductionist model where we thought one defect one effect and one drug molecule to rectify it. That is why nature has just given us 25,000 genes. One gene could look after so many functions. In addition, we have trillions of genes acquired from a multitude of germs that have become a part of us over millions of years and they live a symbiotic existence, the so called human meta-genome. When we disturb the germs inside us, we fall sick! This shows how foolish our expensive search for genetic modelling and genetic engineering, including stem cell research is. In fact, studies have elegantly shown that body cells, if needed, could transform themselves into pluripotent stem cells. Richard Becker showed way back in the 1950s that while a bone fractures, the blood clot seen under the periosteum could make the red blood cells there to gradually acquire a nucleus and then put out pseudopodia to become stem cells to heal the fracture — holistic natural healing!

Physicists have failed to inform the lay public of the purely mental nature of the universe (man included) and biologists and physicians are yet to understand quantum physics. There is a nice simple book by a Nobel Laureate biologist; Albert-Szent Gyorgyi, Introduction to Submolecular Biology. Today bio-chemistry provides the mechanistic foundation for biomedicine. That branch of science is so out dated that our researchers have no understanding of the molecular mechanisms that truly provide for life. The very word animate comes from the proteins in the genetic chain. They twist and bend like a snake to give us mobility at the molecular level right up to our movements! In truth, quantum properties of matter can influence the biochemical reactions as shown above. It is the invisible forces of electromagnetic energy that keep us alive and all those frequencies like cellphones, microwave ovens, radio frequencies and even the scalar energy affect our DNA, RNA and protein synthesis. Similarly the right frequencies of electromagnetic energy could be used for healing any cell in any organ under any circumstance. We are using such frequencies to treat killer diseases like heart attacks, brain attacks and any other damage in the cells of any organ. An added advantage is that energy signals travel at a phenomenal speed of 1, 86,000 miles per second, while chemical transmission is just one centimetre per second!! While drugs take months to get one back on one's feet after a major illness, energy healing takes only hours to days!

Living organisms must receive and interpret environmental signals in order to survive. The signals reach the single cells through their antenna in the cell wall. So our connection with the outside world is through the cell wall, our true brain. The environmental signals are our true saviours, God if you like (Bruce Lipton). When this signal dies, organism dies only to enter another shell to be reborn! Eastern wisdoms like Ayurveda, Tibetan medicine, Chinese medicine and many other systems adopted quantum physics eons ago and their ideas of energy channels in the human body are now proving to be highly scientific. We condemned the whole lot of them as unscientific mainly because of the pressures from the drug and instrument lobbies.

Instead of understanding human physiology properly, modern medicine created the monsters of “killer diseases” which are nothing but deviations in physiology and behaviour from some hypothetical norm as unique disorders and dysfunctions. The gullible public thinks that they are all killer diseases, thanks to the 24X7-hour advertisements. Let us understand the human being and try and set the deranged cell frequencies with suitable alternatives to get man back on his feet.